The Most Common Houseplant Bugs

Spider mites | Landscape Improvements

One usual problem that might damage plants is houseplant bugs. Whether you have just started to become fond of plants or have been a plant enthusiast for many years, you will undoubtedly encounter this problem. Different bugs and insects are attracted to plants and often feed on them.

There are many types of houseplant:

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Aphids

Aphids are the most common houseplant pest. They are small and pear-shaped. They usually measure from 0.5 to 1 inch long and come in various colors like yellow, pink, green, black, or brown. Adult aphids sometimes have wings. They also have a waxy coat, which makes their body appear grainy.

You can often find Aphids under the leaves of newly grown leaves and on roots. They eat by sucking the plant’s sap. As a result, the leaves become yellowish and dry.

The most practical way of getting rid of aphids is by spraying the plant with water frequently. You can also wipe the insect off by using a cloth dampened with rubbing alcohol or use chemical insecticides if required. Just remember to use it with care. Overuse of chemical insecticides might harm your plants. A safer alternative is spraying neem oil on the leaves. 

 

Spider mites

Spidermites are hard to spot. They are tiny and sneaky. But you can look for a sign  of their presence– spiderwebs! If you notice that there are spider webs on a couple of your plants, then it is time to track down spidermites. They suck plant sap just like aphids. If the mites continue to feed on the plant, the color on the upper portion of the leaf becomes faded. If not addressed, the plant eventually dies. They can easily transfer from one plant to another and feed on them. If you notice webs on one of your plants, isolate it immediately. You do not want your other plants to become infected.
Spray a generous amount of water on the web to break it up. You can also use insecticidal soap and neem oil. Spray the solution on your plant once a week for several weeks until you get rid of the mites. Just make sure that you do not overdose your plants with insecticidal soap.

The Most Common Houseplant Bugs | Landscape Improvements

Mealybugs

Mealybugs are related to scales, but they don’t have scales on their skin. These small and pale-colored insects are just 0.5 inches long. They have a waxy coating that makes them look like a cotton ball. They also move slowly. Female mealybugs lay their eggs underneath the leaves. They feed on the plant’s sap and excrete a sticky substance called honeydew. If you find sticky spots on the leaves, it could be a sign that mealybugs are in there somewhere A fertilizer with high nitrogen content is not the answer. It won’t kill mealybugs. Believe it or not, they are actually attracted to this kind of fertilizer, so don’t use it.    You can wipe the honeydew with rubbing alcohol, use insecticidal soap, or apply neem oil to remove the bugs.  

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